Push/Fold App Usage

Float the Turn Poker App

Push Fold​​ Chart

FloatTheTurn.com​​ has created a new Push/Fold​​ Chart​​ App for your phone that​​ you can often use during live or online play to help​​ you make better decisions​​ when short​​ stacked.

The Push/Fold Charts​​ are designed for No-Limit Hold’em players who want to improve their game.​​ Follow the advice in the App and you’ll increase your​​ equity in short stack situations​​ by making unexploitable plays.​​ 

In live play, you can​​ easily set up the App to display your strategy for your next hand, and then place it on your knee​​ throughout the​​ play of the hand. Most live casinos​​ allow cell phone use as long as you do not enter information​​ into the cell phone during​​ play.

When your stack becomes small, 12​​ big blinds​​ or less,​​ your preflop​​ strategy should be limited to pushing​​ (shoving/​​ going​​ all-in) or folding.​​ FloatTheTurn’s​​ “Push or Fold”​​ charts​​ will help you to​​ take advantage of best opportunities to play while​​ also helping you to avoid situations that​​ are not profitable.​​ Our charts​​ instantly tell you​​ whether to shove or fold based on your position and stack size.

Loading the App.

You can download the App for your​​ iPhone, iPad Here. ​​ ​​ 

You can download the App for your​​ Android device Here.​​ 

For​​ all phones, and all other devices,​​ you can use the​​ Browser Version Here.​​ 

You will need to enter your email address to access the​​ Push/Fold​​ charts, and you will need to be a​​ FloatTheTurn.com​​ member to​​ access​​ additional charts and advanced features.

Basic Usage

There are three buttons on the top of the App for easily changing charts between hands.

For the next hand, just push​​ Next​​ – your position will be moved one spot​​ to the right​​ (e.g. Cutoff to Button) and your stack will be adjusted for​​ the loss of blinds, when necessary.​​ 

If you do shove and don’t get called, push the​​ Steal​​ button to move one spot​​ to the right​​ and add the​​ blinds and antes​​ to your stack.

If you push​​ Next​​ or​​ Steal​​ improperly, or​​ one too many times, push​​ Undo​​ to undo the last action.

If you make more than one mistake, use the​​ Blind​​ and​​ Position​​ buttons at the bottom of the App to fix it.

Ranges and Charts

For each number of​​ big blinds, your position, and the ante size, you will get a report of ranges and a chart.

The percentage​​ at the top​​ is the number of hands to​​ go all-in with if the action folds to you​​ in this position.

The​​ range​​ is a shorthand of the hands to shove. Note this is a standard format which you can copy and paste into calculation programs such as​​ Holdem Manager.

The​​ chart​​ shows which hand to shove​​ if everyone folds to you.​​ If you want to see a tighter or looser range for certain conditions​​ (such as when your opponents are all calling stations), you can use the​​ adjustment​​ buttons in below the chart.

Other Quick Changes

For initial setup, or if need to fix something, use theArrows or​​ Plus and Minus buttons for Position and​​ Blinds.

Position

The​​ Right Arrow​​ for Position moves to​​ the next hand – e.g. from the​​ button to cutoff.

The​​ Left Arrow​​ move the other way,​​ e.g. from UTG to UTG + 1.

If you press​​ the Left Arrow​​ while on the Button, it will jump to the Small Blind

Blinds

Plus​​ and​​ Minus​​ for Blinds will loop around – for instance from​​ 14​​ big blinds​​ to 1​​ big blind

Adjustment

Adjustment​​ will adjust the range and chart.​​ Plus​​ makes it 10% tighter, and​​ Minus​​ makes it 10% looser.

Use this when you want to adjust for opponent reads, you own mood, etc.​​ 

Seats

Seats​​ lists​​ the number of seats​​ at the table​​ does not affect the chart.

​​ It is used by the​​ Next​​ button to determine when you pass through the​​ blinds.

Antes

Antes​​ are important because there are three sets of charts available: 12.5% antes, 10% antes, and​​ no antes.

Use the one which is closest to your current situation.​​ To figure out the ante​​ percentage, divide the ante size by the size of the big blind. For example at 400/500 with a 50 ante, dividing 50 by 400 gives you an ante of:​​ 50/400 = 12.5%

Push Fold Logic

Push/Fold charts may present Game Theory Optimal​​ play when no other factors are known – such as the first time you push against a group of​​ unknown​​ opponents. However, once you have pushed a few times, these opponents are more likely to call​​ with a wider range,​​ so you may want to adjust your strategy to push fewer hands.

Similarly, against weak opponents, or indeed,​​ the first time you shove, your opponents may be less likely to call,​​ so you may want to increase you shoving range.

At a recent WSOP event, I was moved​​ to a new table with just 10​​ big blinds in my stack. When I made my first shove,​​ my new neighbor told me that no one at this table ever called​​ all-ins. So,​​ I was able to increase my shove range​​ to include a few more weak hands and stole a few additional sets of blinds.​​ (Of course, I also had to decide​​ whether or not​​ to believe my new neighbor.)​​ 

Two factors​​ often​​ balance themselves. As I push more often, people who notice will be more likely to call my shoves​​ with a wider range.​​ However, as​​ I notice that people​​ at my table​​ are unlikely to call​​ my all-in bets, I can push more often. Also, I can notice people’s​​ physical​​ reactions to shoves.​​ 

For example, at another​​ WSOP​​ event it became obvious that the people in the 6, 7 and 8 seats​​ were not willing to call​​ all-in bets​​ with hands as strong as A-J. I learned this by having the 8-seat show his non-call from the big blind​​ with A-J, and listening to their conversation.

​​ It is handy to be able to easily change my push ranges to adjust for my interpretations of the table.

Use GTO charts only when your stack is low​​ enough​​ such that​​ that​​ pushing and folding​​ your only options

These charts are “Game Theory Optimal”. This means that if pushing​​ and folding are your only two options, then you cannot play a better strategy than​​ pushing when these charts say to push and folding when​​ they say​​ to fold.

However, if​​ you have other options, such as limping or min-raising with a 13 big blind stack,​​ then the charts do not apply because they were generated assuming​​ pushing and folding are your only options.​​ 

We recommend using these​​ charts whenever you have 12 big blinds​​ or less.

Once your stack dips below 12 big blinds,​​ your only real decision is whether to go all-in​​ or fold​​ before the flop.​​ ​​ If antes are in play, which will​​ usually be the case​​ in most big live tournaments,​​ and most online tournaments, you should consider pushing for more than 12 big blinds as the effective big blind is now larger than it appears. However, these adjustments are noted by the widening of your pushing ranges as you move from charts with no ante to charts with a larger ante.​​ 

Pushing with​​ Wide​​ Ranges

I have discussed these Game Theory Optimal ranges with several players. Some claim they already use them – but unless they have a photographic memory, it is unlikely that the can remember them all.​​ Some say they don’t use them – because their reads on other players let them make better push shove decisions than these charts provide. (Note, you can use our “Adjustments” button to easily create new charts based on your reads.

But in live play, in relatively small stakes tournaments, I notice that most players when short stacked push much, much tighter than these charts recommend and that most players call pushes too tightly, which make these charts a very good for making your decisions.

When you should raise or lower the Tightness Factor

Loose, Aggressive blinds.​​ 

If you have seen that the blinds and other hands to your left a more likely than average to call, then you can tighten your shove range one or two notches. Note though, if you feel they are even more loosely you may want to loosen your shove range because they are calling with way too many hands.

Much larger stacks

If some of the stack to your left are the chip leaders, or​​ have​​ more than 60 or 80​​ big blinds, then may be more likely to call you all-in. So you may want to tighten your shove range a notch or two.

Weak opponents and calling stations

Weak Opponents are likely to only call with a fairly tight range, so you may want to loosen you range a notch.

Calling stations are calling with looser than average range, so you should tighten your shove range.

Use the “Adjustment” button to increase or decrease your ranges by 10%

When your perception is either loose or tight

If you have a loose image, or have shoved already in the​​ past 10 to 15 hands, then you should tighten your range a notch or two.

If you have a tight image, have never shoved yet, and/or haven’t played for a while, you can loosen your range.

Actions to take when shoving to confuse opponents

Tanking – think a long time about your bet to discourage a call

But be careful to do this sometime with better hands as well as with poorer hands to balance.

 

When should we show our all-ins​​ 

We mostly advise you to almost never show any cards. But showing a strong all in – especially if​​ it is your first for a while may make people less likely to call you the next time – which if you are using out charts will likely be with a weaker hand.

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